Civil engineering is one of the oldest fields of engineering, and it is responsible for the planning, design, construction, and maintenance of all infrastructure found in today’s world, including roads, buildings, canals, bridges, dams, sewers, tunnels, and so on. Its traces can be traced back to the beginning of time.
Every physical concrete structure, from ancient civilizations like Harrapa and Mohan jo Daro to today’s well-planned modern cities, from ancient monuments to today’s jaw-dropping sky-touching buildings, is a creation of civil engineering. It is the most comprehensive and adaptable discipline of engineering that we come across in our daily lives.
Even a simple water drainage system is a civil engineering masterpiece. It is what defines our world and how it develops. A country with good infrastructure would always be ahead in the growth race. It’s a fascinating sector to work in since you can literally make your stamp on the globe.
Who should become a Civil Engineer?
As the world continues to develop, so does the demand for solid infrastructure in numerous areas. Becoming a civil engineer after 12th class is a nice option if you have your interest in building Infrastructure like Roads, Multi-Story Buildings, and much more.
Branches of Civil Engineering
To fulfill the needs of various industries, civil engineering has been subdivided into branches such :
Materials science and engineering – It deals with the fundamental study of construction materials such as concrete and strong metals such as iron.
Coastal engineering– It deals with coastal regions. It studies the processes going on the shoreline and prevents the erosion of coasts.
Construction Engineering– This branch of Civil engineering deals with infrastructure such as roads, rivers, tunnels, bridges, airports, railroads, dams, etc.
Earthquake engineering– It focuses on building structures that can withstand the hazardous consequences of earthquakes.
Environmental engineering– It deals with the treatment of hazardous wastes and thus making our environment a safe and better place to live in.
Geo-Technical engineering– This field of engineering indulges in the study of soil and rocks and the analysis and construction of systems that are made of or supported by the soil.
Structural engineering– It is concerned with the construction of all structural systems and their components
Municipal or urban engineering– It deals with municipal infrastructure which includes streets, parks, sewer systems, waterworks, pavements, etc.
Eligibility to become a Civil Engineer
You may have a question in your mind now that what does it take to become a Civil Engineer after 12th class? Right?
So to become a civil engineer, you need a bachelor’s degree in engineering which is the minimum requirement to become a qualified civil engineer. Candidate must have passed class 12th exam with science stream (PCM).
Career Prospects in Civil Engineering
In both the public and commercial sectors, there is a lot of room for progress in civil engineering throughout Your career. Today’s globe is rapidly expanding, necessitating the development of infrastructure that can support modern society.
As a result, good civil engineers are in high demand in a variety of fields. From 2014 to 2024, the employment of civil engineers is predicted to increase by 8%. You might possibly work at one of the following private companies.
- Project Manager
- Assistant Project Manager
- Site Engineer
- Civil Engineer
- Assistant Civil Engineer
- Purchase and Quality control Executive
- Planning and Design Officer
- Building control surveyor
- Consulting civil engineer
- Contracting civil engineer
- Structural engineer
- Water engineer
Salary Packages after Civil Engineering
Freshers can expect a salary of around 10-15k per month for degree holders while diploma holders can expect around 8-10k per month. However with experience of 3-4 years, one can expect a healthy package. Salary is of no bar for the right candidates who have expertise in this field.
So let’s discuss that how to become a Civil Engineer, how to choose the best college for Civil Engineering, and other important things.
How to become a Civil Engineer after 12th class
There are major two options you can proceed with for becoming a Civil Engineer.
The first option is for those candidates who cannot do a Degree in Engineering due to multiple reasons like financials and all. Those can get a Diploma in civil engineering from a Government Polytechnics. However one can also start their journey in the field of civil engineering after completing their 10th. But here the candidate can only apply for a diploma program and can join as junior engineers after completion of their course.
Another option is that every candidate will follow is proper Degree.
STEP 1 – Take Entrance Test
One must clear State or National level entrance exams for entering into the best civil engineering colleges in India. Admissions are made on the basis of the ranks you scored in such entrance tests, like AIEEE, JEE Main, AICET, etc.
STEP 2 – Get a Bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from a good college (Government or Private).
STEP 3 – Get licensed as a Professional Civil Engineer if you want to take on public projects. You have to clear a fundamental engineering exam for that and at least four years of working experience.
Entrance Exams for a Civil Engineer
Entrance Examinations for B.Tech in Civil Engineering
- AIEEE : All India Engineering Entrance Examination
- AICET : All India Common Entrance Test
- BITSAT : Birla Institute of Technology and Science Examination
- TNPCEE : Tamil Nadu Professional Courses Entrance Examination
- IIT JEE : Indian Institute of Technology – Joint Entrance Examination
If you want to apply for one of these examinations then you should pass the 12th standard in Science stream with Physics and Mathematics from a recognized Schools (like CBSE or regional State board). You should score a minimum of 60% percentage of marks in the 12th board examination.
Important Note: A bachelor’s degree in Engineering is the minimum requirement to become a qualified civil engineer.
Entrance Examinations for M.tech in Civil Engineering
If you want to apply for M.tech in Civil Engineering then you should pass Bachelor of Civil Engineering with Mathematics / Physics / Computer Science from a recognized university. You should score more than 80% percentage of the marks.
- GATE : Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
- TANCET : Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test
- PGECET : Post Graduate Engineering Common Entrance Test
- SRMEEE : SRM Engineering Entrance Examination
Important Note: A post-graduate degree is required for research or teaching posts and an additional degree in business administration is desirable for management positions.
Top Civil Engineering Schools/Colleges in India:
Here is the list of some of the best Civil Engineering Colleges in India. This list includes Private as well as Public Colleges.
- Indian Institute of Technology, IIT Bombay
- Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IITD)
- Indian Institute of Technology, (IIT Kharagpur)
- Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (IITK)
- Indian Institute of Technology, (IIT Madras)
- Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS-Pilani)
- Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee (IITR)
- Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati (IITG)
- Delhi Technological University (DTU)
- Indian Institute of Technology, IIT-BHU
- Anna University (AU Chennai)
- Indian Institute of Technology, IIT Hyderabad
- National Institute of Technology (NIT Trichy)
- College of Engineering Pune (CoEP)
- Jadavpur University (JU, Kolkata)
- Thapar University (TU Patiala)
- Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology (MNNIT)
- PEC University of Technology (PEC)
- National Institute of Technology, (NIT Jamshedpur)
- National Institute of Technology (NIT Kurukshetra)
- Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College (GNDEC)
- Acharya Institute of Technology (AIT Bangalore)
- Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering (DSCE)
- Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT)
- Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management University (GITAM University)
Civil Engineering Top Hiring Companies (Jobs) in India
- Simplex Infrastructures
- TATA PROJECTS
- SOBHA DEVELOPERS.
- B Seenaiah & Co
- DLF Laing O’Rourke
- Hindustan Motors Limited
- Jindal Steel
- Mahindra & Mahindra
- Martin Burn Ltd
- Sky Line Builders
- Toyo Engineering
- Tata Projects Ltd
- Tata Steel
Civil Engineering Top Hiring Companies (Jobs) in USA
Civil Engineering Top Hiring Companies (Jobs) in Canada
Civil Engineering Top Hiring Companies (Jobs) in World
I hope you got your answer to How to Become a Civil Engineer after 12th class in India. You can become a civil engineer and serve worldwide including the USA, Canada, UK, Australia, etc.