# Shannon Hartley Capacity Theorem

This set of Digital Communications Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Shannon hartley theorem and turbo codes”.

1. The minimum nyquist bandwidth needed for baseband transmission of Rs symbols per second is
a) Rs
b) 2Rs
c) Rs/2
d) Rs2

2. The capacity relationship is given by
a) C = W log2 ( 1+S/N )
b) C = 2W log2 ( 1+S/N )
c) C = W log2 ( 1-S/N )
d) C = W log10 ( 1+S/N )

3. Which parameter is called as Shannon limit?
a) PB/N0
b) EB/N0
c) EBN0
d) None of the mentioned

4. Entropy is the measure of
a) Amount of information at the output
b) Amount of information that can be transmitted
c) Number of error bits from total number of bits
d) None of the mentioned

5. Equivocation is the
a) Conditional entropy
b) Joint entropy
c) Individual entropy
d) None of the mentioned

6. For a error free channel, conditional probability should be
a) Zero
b) One
c) Equal to joint probability
d) Equal to individual probability

7. Average effective information is obtained by
a) Subtracting equivocation from entropy
b) Adding equivocation with entropy
c) Ratio of number of error bits by total number of bits
d) None of the mentioned

8. Turbo codes are
a) Forward error correction codes
b) Backward error correction codes
c) Error detection codes
d) None of the mentioned

9. Components used for generation of turbo codes are
a) Inter leavers
b) Punching pattern
c) Inter leavers & Punching pattern
d) None of the mentioned

10. Decoders are connected in series.
a) True
b) False

11. The inter leaver connected between the two decoders is used to
a) Remove error bursts
b) Scatter error bursts
c) Add error bursts
d) None of the mentioned

12. In soft decision approach what does -127 mean?
a) Certainly one
b) Certainly zero
c) Very likely zero
d) Very likely one

13. In soft decision approach 100 means?
a) Certainly one
b) Certainly zero
c) Very likely zero
d) Very likely one

14. In soft decision approach 0 represents
a) Certainly one
b) Certainly zero
c) Very likely zero
d) Could be either zero or one
View AnswerAnswer: d